Inadequate Security Claims in Premises Liability

Property owners and managers have a legal responsibility to maintain a safe environment for visitors and tenants. They are required to take reasonable security measures based on the circumstances. In this blog post, we’ll discuss the intricacies of inadequate security claims, focusing on the legal aspects and emphasizing the importance of robust security protocols.


Understanding Inadequate Security Claims

Inadequate security claims arise when people suffer harm or loss due to criminal activities on someone else’s property. This can include assaults, robberies, or other criminal acts. Property owners may be held liable if it can be demonstrated that they failed to implement reasonable security measures that could have prevented or mitigated the risk of such incidents.


Legal Considerations

To make an inadequate security claim, certain legal elements must be established. The injured person must demonstrate that the property owner had a duty to provide adequate security, that this duty was breached due to negligence, and that the breach directly led to the harm suffered. Proving these elements often involves a careful examination of the specific circumstances surrounding the incident.


Factors Influencing Inadequate Security Claims

Several factors contribute to the viability of inadequate security claims. The location of the property, previous criminal incidents, and the nature of the property’s use can all play a role. 

Location of the Property

Properties situated in high-crime neighborhoods inherently face greater risks, necessitating more robust security measures to protect occupants and visitors. Conversely, in low-crime areas, the security threshold may be different, but a diligent evaluation remains imperative.


Previous Criminal Incidents

The history of previous criminal incidents on or near the property is crucial. Understanding patterns and trends allows property owners to tailor security measures to address specific vulnerabilities, potentially mitigating the risk of future incidents. 


Nature of the Property

Residential, commercial, and public properties each come with distinct considerations. Residential spaces may require access control systems and well-lit common areas to enhance personal safety, while commercial properties might benefit from surveillance systems and security personnel to protect assets and ensure the well-being of employees as well as customers. Public spaces, on the other hand, demand a heightened level of vigilance, often involving a combination of visible security measures and preventive protocols to maintain public safety.


Implementing Adequate Security Measures

To avoid inadequate security claims and prioritize the safety of occupants, property owners must take proactive measures. This includes conducting thorough security assessments to identify potential risks, implementing appropriate security measures, and regularly reviewing and updating security protocols. Some common security measures include surveillance systems, lighting improvements, access control systems, and the presence of security personnel.


Engaging with Security Experts

In addressing the multifaceted challenge of providing adequate security, property owners can benefit from consulting with security experts. These professionals can conduct comprehensive risk assessments, recommend tailored security solutions, and assist in the implementation of effective measures. Engaging with experts not only enhances the safety of the property but also strengthens the legal position of the property owner in the event of a claim.



Inadequate security claims in premises liability cases underscore the importance of prioritizing safety on properties. Property owners and managers must recognize their legal duty to provide adequate security measures and take proactive steps to mitigate potential risks. By conducting thorough security assessments and implementing effective security measures, property owners can create a safer environment for all occupants while minimizing the risk of legal repercussions. A commitment to security is not only a legal obligation but a moral imperative to ensure the well-being of everyone within a property’s boundaries.

Vames, Wang & Sosa Injury Lawyers are experienced in handling premises liability cases. If you’ve suffered due to inadequate security, we are here to protect your rights. Call us today to learn more about how we can help you when it comes to the legal complexities of security claims in premises liability cases.

Emery Wang

Emery Wang

Emery Wang has been a lawyer in Oregon since 2009. While attending Lewis & Clark law school, Emery worked as a Multnomah County District Attorney, and since then has been a full time personal injury lawyer.

Vames, Wang & Sosa Injury Lawyers focus on vehicle crashes, personal injury, and first-party car accident insurance claims. They have offices located in Gresham and Hillsboro.

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